Proscalpin (Finasteride) is used to relieve symptoms of enlarged prostate gland (benign prostatic hyperplasia or BPH). It is also used for treatment of male pattern hair loss (androgenetic alopecia).
How it works
Finasteride belongs to class of medications called 5-alpha reductase inhibitors. It acts by inhibiting conversion of testosterone into the more potent androgen, dihydrotestosterone. This leads to reduction in prostate size, with improvement in urinary flow rate and in obstructive symptoms. It also reduces androgen activity in the scalp that stops hair growth.
Always follow the instructions of doctor regarding the dosage and duration. As monotherapy;
In benign prostatic hyperplasia: 5 mg/day.
In male pattern hair loss: 1 mg/day.
As combination therapy:
In benign prostatic hyperplasia: 5 mg/day with doxazosin (alpha-blocker).
Common side effects
Decreased volume of ejaculate, decreased sexual desire (libido), inability to achieve an erection (impotence), mood alterations with depressive symptom, problems with erection (erectile dysfunction), allergic reactions, including rash, itching of skin, pale, red raised itchy skin rash and swelling of the lips and face, breast tenderness and enlargement (gynecomastia), testicular pain, infertility, palpitation, increased liver enzyme.
Who should not take
Patients having allergy to finasteride, other 5-alpha reductase inhibitors or any of its ingredients, soya, peanut.
Women and children and adolescents.
Patients with severe hepatic impairment.